Stablecoins are a type of cryptocurrency designed to have a stable value, typically pegged to a reserve of assets or a fixed exchange rate. Unlike many other cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum, which can have highly volatile prices, stablecoins aim to minimize price fluctuations, making them more suitable for various use cases, including as a medium of exchange, a store of value, and a unit of account.
There are several methods used to create stability in the value of stablecoins. However we will focus on the method used by the stablecoins offered in the NOAH App:
Fiat-Collateralized Stablecoins: These stablecoins are backed by a reserve of fiat currencies (e.g., USD, EUR) held in a bank account. For every stablecoin issued, there is an equivalent amount of fiat currency held as collateral. Examples of fiat-collateralized stablecoins include Tether (USDT), USD Coin (USDC), and TrueUSD (TUSD).
It's important to note that the stability of a stablecoin depends on the underlying mechanism and the trustworthiness of the issuer or protocol. Users should exercise caution and conduct due diligence when using stablecoins, as not all stablecoins are equally secure or transparent.